Thank you for visiting the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department website. www.wildlife.state.nh.us NH Fish and Game

 

 

Species Occurring in New Hampshire

New Hampshire is home to more than 500 species of vertebrate animals. This list would be much longer if a complete list of invertebrates (insects, crustaceans, clams and snails) were included. About 75 percent are nongame wildlife species not hunted, fished or trapped. Twenty-seven species are endangered and fourteen are threatened in the state. With your help we are able to maintain New Hampshire's rich diversity of wildlife through research, management and education projects outlined in the Actions of the Wildlife Action Plan.

 

Legend:

ST = state-threatened

SE = state-endangered

FT = federally-threatened

FE = federally-endangered

SC = special concern in NH

SGCN = Species of Greatest Conservation Need

(i) = introduced

section
Anadromous Fish

Alewife (also freshwater)

SC, SGCN

Salmon, Chinook (i)

Herring, Blueback

SC, SGCN

Salmon, Coho (i)

Lamprey, Sea

SC, SGCN

Shad, American

SC, SGCN

Salmon, Atlantic (i) (also freshwater)

Smelt, Rainbow (also freshwater)

SC, SGCN


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Freshwater Fish
Bass, Largemouth (i) Dace, Blacknose Madtom, Tadpole (i) Shiner, Spottail (i)
Bass, Rock (i)

Dace, Finescale

SC, SGCN

Perch, White (i) (also marine) Sucker, Longnose
Bass, Smallmouth (i) Dace, Longnose Perch, Yellow Sucker, White
Bluegill (i)

Dace, Northern Redbelly

SC, SGCN

Pickerel, Chain

Sunfish, Banded

SC, SGCN

Bullhead, Brown

Darter, Swamp

SC, SGCN

Pickerel, Redfin

SC, SGCN

Sunfish, Redbreast
Bullhead, Yellow Darter, Tessellated Pike, Northern (i)

Trout, Brook

SC, SGCN

Burbot

SC, SGCN

Eel, American (also marine) SC, SGCN Pumpkinseed Trout, Brown (i) (also marine)
Carp (i) Fallfish Sculpin, Slimy

Trout, Lake

SC, SGCN

Chub, Creek Goldfish (i) Shiner, Blacknose Trout, Rainbow (i)
Chub, Lake Killifish, Banded (also marine)

Shiner, Bridle

ST, SGCN

Walleye (i)
Chubsucker, Creek

Lamprey, American Brook

SE, FE, SGCN

Shiner, Common

Whitefish, Lake

SC, SGCN

Crappie, Black (i) Madtom, Margined Shiner, Golden

Whitefish, Round

ST, SGCN


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Marine Fish
Bass, Black Sea Flounder, Yellowtail Menhaden, Atlantic Skate, Little
Bass, Striped Goosefish, American Pipefish, Northern Skate, Thorny
Bluefish Grubby Plaice, American Skate, Winter
Butterfish Gunnel, Rock Pollock Sail, Sea
Cod, Atlantic Haddock Pout, Ocean Stickleback, Fourspine (also freshwater)
Cunner Hake, Silver Puffer, Northern- Stickleback, Ninespine (also freshwater)
Cusk Hake, Spotted Raven,Sea Stickleback, Threespine (also freshwater)
Dogfish, Smooth Hake, Squirrel Redfish

Sturgeon, Atlantic

ST, SGCN

Dogfish, Spiny Hake, White Robin, Common Sea

Sturgeon, Short-nosed

FE, SE, SGCN

Dory, American John Halibut, Atlantic Robin, Striped Sea Tautog
Eel, American Herring, Atlantic Rockling, Four-bearded Tom cod, Atlantic
Eel, Conger Killifish, Common (mummichog) Sculpin, Longhorn Windowpane
Flounder, Four-spotted Killifish, Striped (mummichog) Sculpin, Shorthorn Wolffish, Atlantic
Flounder, Smooth Lance, American Sand Scup Wolffish, Spotted
Flounder, Summer Lumpfish

Shad, American

SGCN

Wrymouth
Flounder, Winter Mackerel, Atlantic Shad, Hickory  
Flounder, Witch Mackerel, Chub Silverside, Atlantic  

 

Marine Invertebrates

American Oyster PDF Document
SGCN

Atlantic Sea Scallop PDF Document

SGCN

Horseshoe Crab PDF Document
SGCN

Northern Shrimp PDF Document
SGCN

Softshell Clam PDF Document
SGCN

     

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Mammals

Bat, Big Brown PDF Document

SGCN

Fisher Muskrat Squirrel, Gray

Bat, Eastern Red PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Fox, Gray Opossum, Virginia Squirrel, Northern Flying

Bat, Hoary PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Fox, Red Otter, River Squirrel, Red

Bat, Little Brown

SE, SGCN

Hare, Snowshoe Pipistrelle, Eastern Squirrel, Southern Flying

Bat, Northern Long-eared PDF Document

FT, SE, SGCN

Lemming, Northern Bog PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Porcupine Vole, Meadow

Bat, Silver-haired PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Lemming, Southern Bog PDF Document

SGCN

Porpoise

Vole, Rock PDF Document

SGCN

Bat, Small-footed PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Lynx, Canada PDF Document

FE, SE, SGCN

Raccoon Vole, Southern Red-backed

Bat, Tricolored PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Marten, American

SC, SGCN

Rat, Norway (i) Vole, Woodland
Bear, Black Mink Seal, Harbor Weasel, Long-tailed
Beaver Mole, Hairy-tailed

Shrew, American Water PDF Document

SGCN

Weasel, Short-tailed (Ermine)
Bobcat Mole, Star-nosed

Shrew, Long-tailed PDF Document

SGCN

Whale, Fin PDF Document

SGCN

Chipmunk, Eastern Moose Shrew, Masked

Whale, Humpback PDF Document

SGCN

Cottontail, Eastern Mouse, Deer Shrew, Pygmy Whale, Minke

Cottontail, New England

SE, SGCN

Mouse, House (i) Shrew, Short-tailed

Whale, North Atlantic Right PDF Document

SGCN
Coyote Mouse, Meadow Jumping Shrew, Smoky Whale, Pilot
Deer, White-tailed Mouse, White-footed Shrew, Water

Wolf, Eastern (not yet in NH) PDF Document

FE, SE, SGCN

Dolphin, Common Mouse, Woodland Jumping Skunk, Striped Woodchuck

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Reptiles

Racer, Black

ST, SGCN

Snake, Milk Turtle, Common Musk (Stinkpot)

Rattlesnake, Timber

SE, SGCN

Snake, Northern Water

Turtle, Eastern Box

SE, SGCN

Snake, Brown Snake, Redbelly Turtle, Painted
Snake, Common Garter Snake, Ringneck Turtle, Snapping

Snake, Eastern Hognose

SE, SGCN

Snake, Smooth Green

SC, SGCN

Turtle, Spotted

ST, SGCN

Snake, Eastern Ribbon

Turtle, Blanding's

SE, SGCN

Turtle, Wood

 

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Amphibians
Bullfrog Peeper, Spring Salamander, Redback
Frog, Green

Salamander, Blue-Spotted

SC, SGCN

Salamander, Slimy

Frog, Mink

SGCN

Salamander, Four-toed Salamander, Spotted

Frog, Northern Leopard

SC, SGCN

Salamander, Jefferson

SC, SGCN

Toad, American
Frog, Pickerel

Salamander, Marbled

SE, SGCN

Toad, Fowler's

SC, SGCN

Frog, Wood Salamander, Dusky Treefrog, Gray
Mudpuppy Salamander, Spring  
Newt, Eastern, Red-spotted Salamander, Two-lined  

 

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Freshwater Mussels

Creeper

SGCN

Floater, Eastern  

Pondmussel, Eastern

ST, SGCN

Elliptio, Eastern Floater, Triangle

Wedgemussel, Dwarf

FE, SE, SGCN

Floater, Alewife

SGCN

Lampmussel, Eastern  

Floater, Brook

SE, SGCN

Pearlshell, Eastern

SGCN

 

 

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Insects (Listed or SGCN species only)

Barrens Itame

SC, SGCN

Boghaunter, Ringed (Banded Bog Skimmer) PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Clubtail, Skillet PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Moth, Cora (bird
dropping moth)

SC, SGCN

Barrens xylotype

SC, SGCN

Boghaunter, Ebony

SC

Clubtail, Riverine

SC

Moth, Phyllira tiger

SC, SGCN

Broad-lined
Catopyrrha

SC, SGCN

Butterfly, Karner Blue

FE, SE, SGCN

Darner, Sedge PDF Document

SGCN

Moth, Pine Barrens Zanclognatha

SGCN

Beetle, Appalachian Tiger PDF Document

SGCN

Butterfly, Frosted

Elfin PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Emerald, Coppery PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Moth, Pine Pinion

ST, SGCN

Beetle, Cobblestone Tiger PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Butterfly, White Mountain Arctic PDF Document
ST, SGCN

Emerald, Kennedy’s PDF Document

SGCN

Pine Barrens Lepidoptera PDF Document

SGCN
Beetle, Margined
Tiger
PDF Document

Bee, American
Bumble
PDF Document

SGCN

Emerald, Ocellated PDF Document

SGCN

Skipper, Persius Duskywing

SE, SGCN

Beetle, Puritan Tiger PDF Document(historic records in NH)

FE, SE, SGCN

Bee, Rusty-patched Bumble PDF Document

FE, SE, SGCN
Emerald, Ringed PDF Document
SGCN

Spreadwing, lyre-tipped PDF Document

SGCN

Beetle, Saltmarsh Tiger

SGCN

Bee, Yellow Bumble PDF Document

SGCN

Fritillary, White Mountain PDF Document
SE, SGCN

 

Bluet, Pine Barrens PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Bee, Yellowbanded Bumble PDF Document

SGCN

Hairstreak, Hessel's PDF Document

ST, SGCN
 

Bluet, Scarlet 

SC

Clubtail, Rapids PDF Document
SC, SGCN

Monarch PDF Document

SGCN
 


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Birds
Bittern, American

Grouse, Ruffed PDF Document

SGCN

Phalarope, Wilson's

Tern, Arctic

SC

Bittern, Least PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Grouse, Spruce PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Pheasant, Ring-necked (i) Tern, Black
Blackbird, Red-winged Guillemot, Black Phoebe, Eastern Tern, Caspian

Blackbird, Rusty PDF Document

 

Gull, Black-headed Pintail, Northern Image Icon

Tern, Common

ST, SGCN

Blackbird, Yellow-headed Gull, Bonaparte's

Pipit, American PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Tern, Forster's
Bluebird, Eastern Gull, Glaucous Plover, Black-bellied

Tern, Least

SE, SGCN

Bobolink PDF Document

SGCN

Gull, Great Black-backed Plover, American Golden

Tern, Roseate

FE, SE, SGCN

Bobwhite, Northern (i) Gull, Herring

Plover, Piping

FT, SE, SGCN

Tern, Royal
Brant Image Icon Gull, Iceland Plover, Semipalmated

Thrasher, Brown PDF Document

SGCN

Bufflehead Gull, Laughing Rail, King

Thrush, Bicknell's PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Bunting, Indigo Gull, Little Rail, Virginia Thrush, Gray-cheeked
Bunting, Snow Gull, Ring-billed Raven, Common Thrush, Hermit
Canvasback Image Icon Gyrfalcon Razorbill Thrush, Swainson's
Cardinal, Northern

Harrier, Northern

SE, SGCN

Redhead Image Icon Thrush, Varied
Catbird, Gray Hawk, Broad-winged Redpoll, Common

Thrush, Wood PDF Document

SGCN

Chat, Yellow-breasted Hawk, Cooper's Redpoll, Hoary Titmouse, Tufted
Chickadee, Black-capped Hawk, Red- shouldered Redstart, American

Towhee, Eastern PDF Document

SGCN

Chickadee, Boreal Hawk, Red-tailed Robin, American Turkey, Wild
Coot, American Image Icon Hawk, Rough-legged

Sanderling PDF Document

SGCN

Turnstone, Ruddy PDF Document

SGCN

Cormorant, Double-crested Hawk, Sharp-shinned Sandpiper, Baird's

Veery PDF Document

SGCN

Cormorant, Great Heron, Great Blue Sandpiper, Buff-breasted Vireo, Philadelphia
Cowbird, Brown-headed Heron, Green Sandpiper, Least Vireo, Red-eyed
Crane, Sandhill Heron, Little Blue Sandpiper, Pectoral Vireo, Solitary
Creeper, Brown Heron, Tricolored

Sandpiper, Purple PDF Document

SGCN

Vireo, Warbling
Crossbill, Red Heron, Black-crowned Night-

Sandpiper, Semipalmated PDF Document

SGCN

Vireo, White-eyed
Crossbill, White-winged Heron, Yellow-crowned Night Sandpiper, Solitary Vireo, Yellow-throated
Crow, American Image Icon Hummingbird, Ruby-throated Sandpiper, Spotted Vulture, Turkey
Crow, Fish Hummingbird, Rufous Sandpiper, Stilt Vulture, Black

Cuckoo, Black-
billed
PDF Document

SGCN

Ibis, Glossy

Sandpiper, Upland PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Warbler, Bay-
breasted
PDF Document

SGCN

Cuckoo, Yellow-billed Jaeger, Parasitic Sandpiper, Western Warbler, Black-and-white
Dickcissel Jaeger, Pomarine Sandpiper, White-rumped Warbler, Black-throated Blue
Dove, Mourning Jay, Blue Sapsucker, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Black-throated Green
Dove, Rock (Pigeon) (i) Jay, Gray Scaup, Greater Image Icon Warbler, Blackburnian
Dovekie Junco, Dark-eyed Scaup, Lesser Image Icon Warbler, Blackpoll
Dowitcher, Long-billed

Kestrel, American

SC, SGCN

Scoter, Black Image Icon

Warbler, Blue
winged
PDF Document

SGCN

Dowitcher, Short-billed Killdeer Scoter, Surf Image Icon

Warbler, Canada PDF Document

SGCN

Duck, American
Black
PDF Document PhotoImage Icon

SGCN

Kingbird, Eastern Scoter, White - winged Image Icon

Warbler, Cape May PDF Document

SGCN

Duck, Harlequin Image Icon Kingbird, Western Shearwater, Cory's

Warbler, Cerulean PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Duck, Ring-necked Kingfisher, Belted Shearwater, Greater Warbler, Chestnut-sided
Duck,Ruddy Kinglet, Golden-crowned Shearwater, Manx Warbler, Connecticut
Duck, Wood Image Icon Kinglet, Ruby-crowned Shoveler, Northern

Warbler, Golden-winged PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Dunlin Kittiwake, Black-legged Shrike, Loggerhead Warbler, Magnolia

Eagle, Bald

SC, SGCN

Knot, Red PDF Document

FT, ST, SGCN

Shrike, Northern Warbler, Mourning

Eagle, Golden

SE, SGCN

Lark, Horned PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Siskin, Pine Warbler, Nashville
Egret, Cattle Longspur, Lapland Snipe, Common Image Icon Warbler, Orange-crowned
Egret, Great

Loon, Common PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Sora PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Warbler, Palm
Egret, Snowy Loon, Red-throated Sparrow, American Tree Warbler, Pine
Eider, Common Image Icon Mallard Image Icon Sparrow, Chipping

Warbler, Prairie PDF Document

SGCN

Eider, King

Martin, Purple PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Sparrow, Clay-colored Warbler, Tennessee

Falcon, Peregrine

ST, SGCN

Meadowlark,
Eastern
PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Sparrow, Field PDF Document

SGCN

Warbler, Wilson's
Finch, House (i) Merganser, Common Sparrow, Fox Warbler, Yellow

Finch, Purple PDF Document

SGCN

Merganser, Hooded Image Icon

Sparrow,
Grasshopper
PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Warbler, Yellow-rumped
Flicker, Northern Merganser, Red-breasted Sparrow, Henslow's Warbler, Yellow-throated
Flycatcher, Alder Merlin Sparrow, House (i) Waterthrush, Louisiana
Flycatcher, Great Crested Mockingbird, Northern Sparrow, Lark Waterthrush, Northern
Flycatcher, Least

Moorhen, Common

SC

Sparrow, Lincoln's Waxwing, Bohemian

Flycatcher, Olive
sided
PDF Document

SGCN

Murre, Common Sparrow, Savannah Waxwing, Cedar
Flycatcher, Willow

Nighthawk,
Common
PDF Document

SE, SGCN

Sparrow, Seaside PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Whimbrel PDF Document

SGCN

Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied Nuthatch, Red-breasted

Sparrow, Nelson's Sharp-tailed PDF Document

SGCN

Whip-poor-will PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Fulmar, Northern Nuthatch, White-breasted

Sparrow, Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Wigeon, American
Gadwall Oldsquaw Sparrow, Song Wigeon, Eurasian
Gannet, Northern Oriole, Baltimore Sparrow, Swamp

Willet PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Gallinule, Common PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Oriole, Orchard

Sparrow, Vesper PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Wood-Pewee, Eastern
Gnatcatcher, Blue-gray Osprey Sparrow, White-crowned

Woodcock, American

SGCN

Godwit, Hudsonian Ovenbird Sparrow, White-throated Woodpecker, Black-backed
Godwit, Marbled Owl, Barn Starling, European (i) Woodpecker, Downy
Goldeneye, Barrow's Owl, Barred Storm-Petrel, Leach's Woodpecker, Hairy
Goldeneye, Common Owl, Boreal Storm-Petrel, Wilson's Woodpecker, Pileated
Goldfinch, American Owl, Eastern Screech

Swallow, Bank PDF Document

SC, SGCN

Woodpecker, Red-bellied
Goose, Canada Image Icon Owl, Great Gray Swallow, Barn Woodpecker, Red-headed
Goose, Snow Image Icon Owl, Great Horned

Swallow, Cliff PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Woodpecker, American Three
toed
PDF Document

SGCN

Goshawk, Northern Owl, Long-eared Swallow, Northern Roughwinged Wren, Carolina
Grackle, Common Owl, Northern Hawk Swallow, Tree Wren, House
Grebe, Horned Owl, Northern Saw-whet Swan, Mute (i)

Wren, Marsh PDF Document

SGCN

Grebe, Pied-billed PDF Document

ST, SGCN

Owl, Short-eared Swan, Tundra

Wren, Sedge PDF Document

SGCN

Grebe, Red-necked Owl, Snowy

Swift, Chimney PDF Document

SGCN

Wren, Winter
Grosbeak, Blue Parula, Northern

Tanager, Scarlet PDF Document

SGCN

Yellowlegs, Greater
Grosbeak, Evening Phalarope, Red Teal, Blue-winged Yellowlegs, Lesser
Grosbeak, Pine Phalarope, Red-necked Teal, Green-winged Yellowthroat, Common
Grosbeak, Rose-breasted      

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